Vicious circle of war, poverty and cholera in Yemen
Nearly two million children in Yemen suffer from “acute malnutrition,” warns the UN. According to the country organization, the country is in a vicious circle of war, poverty and cholera, causing it to be “on the verge of a famine.”
A delegation of World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and World Food Program (WFP) senior executives warns the alarm call after a triple visit to Yemen.
There has been a serious war for over two years, and since April, the country has also been affected by a cholera epidemic that has already claimed more than 1,900 human lives. There are also 368,000 possible cholerage cases reported – the most ever worldwide. By the end of this year, that could be 600,000 cases, the International Committee of the Red Cross warned Sunday.
‘No idea when next meal would be’
“The country is on the verge of starvation: more than 60 percent of the population has no idea where to find their next meal,” said the WHO, Unicef and WFP chiefs Tedros Adhonom, Anthony Lake and David Beasley. “Nearly 80 percent of children need immediate humanitarian aid – about two million children suffer from acute malnutrition.” The three visited Aden, the provisional capital of government recognized by the international community, and Sanaa, the capital in Rebel hands.
Because of that malnutrition, children are more vulnerable to cholera, and the diseases just cause more malnutrition. The leader of the three organizations involved is therefore a “vicious circle”.
In order to control the disease, money is needed. “But the government in Yemen is absent. She just does not exist anymore, “says Stephen Anderson of the World Food Program. Since September 2016, the government has ceased to pay wages from government staff. About 1.2 million officials, often in social sectors, can no longer work. “Large aid agencies and NGOs are trying to fill the gap, but there is not enough money to meet the need,” he says.
The devastating war in Yemen has destroyed the infrastructure. The water sources are polluted and millions of people are in flight and lost their means of living. There are 27 million people living in the country and according to the United Nations, 19 million are in distress. Nearly two thirds of the population is not sure enough to have food to survive.
In this war, the government forces, supported by an Arab military coalition led by Saudi Arabia, opposed the Houthi rebels. The latter are accused of having ties with Iran. More than 8,000 people died and 44,500 others were injured. There were already seven arms arrests negotiated by the UN, but they did not last long. As long as the Houthi rebels and the Arab coalition continue to fight, it is open to relief agencies for help with the crane.
Translated from Source